Ammosov Maksim Kirovich
Soviet statesman and party leader, an active participant in the struggle to maintain Soviet power in Siberia. Maksim Ammosov with Platon Oyunsky and Isidor Barahov played an important role in the formation of the Yakut ASSR.
On March 18, 1937, by the order of the Central Committee of All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of YASSR (June 1925 - August 1928), Ammosov arrived in Frunze, the capital of Kyrgyzstan, where the VIII Plenary Session of the Kyrgyz Regional Committee was being held.
On March 22, he was elected as the First Secretary of the Kyrgyz Regional Committee of AUCP (B). That time, the All-Kyrgyz Constituent Congress of Soviets, where the Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR was adopted under direct Ammosov’s supervision, finished its work. Thus, he was one of the founders of Kyrgyzstan statehood. In July 1937, at the First Congress of the Kyrgyz Communist Party of Bolsheviks, Ammosov was elected as the First Secretary of the Central Committee.
M. K. Ammosov’s parents Anastasia Leontyevna and Kir Vasilyevich Ammosov were poor people and he lived with his uncle D.M. Ammosov since he was four years old. He graduated from the Yakut City School, the Yakutsk Pedagogical Seminary and the Institute of Red Professors.
During the working career, M.K. Ammosov worked in the following positions:
• March 1917 - Secretary of the Executive Committee of the Yakut Committee of Public Safety;
• March 1918 - March 1920 – he was exiled in Siberia and worked in Tomsk, Irkutsk and Chelyabinsk;
• March 1920 - Commissioner of the Siberian Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (B) for the creation of the Yakut Regional Committee of the RCP (B) and the Siberian Revolutionary Committee for the organization of Soviet power in Yakutia;
• May 1920 - August 1921 - Chairman of the Yakut Provincial Revolutionary Committee;
• June 1920 - Chairman of the Yakut Provincial Organization Bureau of the RCP (B);
• October 1921 - June 1922 - Head of the Yakut section at the provincial bureau of RCP (B), he was sent to Moscow to the issue of autonomy;
• June 1922 - December 1922 - Executive Secretary of the Yakut Regional Organization Bureau of the RCP (B);
• January 1923 - March 1923 - Executive Secretary of the Yakut Regional Committee of RCP (B);
• March 1923 - August 1923 - People's Commissar for Trade and Industry YASSR;
• August 1923 - July 1925 - Permanent Representative of YASSR at the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee in Moscow;
• June 1925 - August 1928 - Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of YASSR;
• March 1927 - August 1928 - Chairman of the Central Election Commission of YASSR;
• August 1928 - September 1930 - Instructor of the Central Committee of AUCP (B);
• September 1930 - February 1932 - student at the theoretical department of the Agricultural Institute of the Institute of Red Professors (finished 2 courses);
• March 1932 - May 1932 – the First Secretary of the Organization Bureau of the Kazakh Regional Committee of AUCP (B);
• June 1932 - May 1934 – the First Secretary of the West Kazakhstan Regional Committee of AUCP (B);
• February 1934 - March 1937 - the First Secretary of Karaganda and North Kazakhstan Regional Committees of AUCP (B);
• March 1937 - April 1937 - the First Secretary of the Kyrgyz Regional Committee of AUCP (B);
• April 1937 - May 1937 – the First Secretary of the Central Committee of CP (B) of Kyrgyzstan;
• June 1937 - November 1937 - the First Secretary of the Central Committee of CP (B) of Kyrgyzstan.
During the working career, M.K. Ammosov was elected as member of the Yakut Regional Committee and the City committee of AUCP (B), West Kazakhstan and Karaganda Regional Committees of AUCP (B) and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan. He was a delegate and participant of the XI, XIII, XVI and XVII Congresses of AUCP (B) and All-Union Party Conference, the sessions of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the Central Executive Committee of the USSR.
In 1937 he was repressed. He was falsely arrested in Frunze on November 16, 1937. On July 28, 1938, he was shot in Moscow. On April 28, 1956, he was rehabilitated posthumously by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR.
His daughter, Lena Maksimovna Ammosova, is a social activist. She lives in Moscow.