photo: from the archive of the participants of the event
North-Eastern Federal University presented scientific developments and projects at the integrated exhibition "The Warmth of Permafrost" within the framework of the Days of Yakutia in Moscow from December 15 to 17.
The International Center for the Collective Use of Molecular Paleontology for the second time presented to the Moscow public the cloned Yakut hunting dog Kerechene - one of the results of a joint university with the South Korean Biotech Research Foundation SOOAM.
"Kerechene had a great success at the exhibition. Everyone wanted to know the history of origin, the characteristics of the breed, the process of cloning, whether it is similar to its original, what prospects cloning and biotechnology provide for Yakutia. We talked about the scientific aspects of the project, the importance of international cooperation, and the owner of the dog Dmitry Ivanov told about the features of the breed and its contribution to the hunting of the republic", said Nyurguyana Vasilieva, a graduate of NEFU Institute of Natural Sciences.
Samples of base oils obtained from oil, which is mined in Yakutia, were presented by the staff of the scientific and research laboratory of chemistry and technology of hydrocarbon raw materials of NEFU IEN. "These oils have improved low temperature characteristics, which were achieved by dewaxing and the addition of a depressor additive. These oils can be used in engineering and industry in the winter at -50 °C", explained Nikolay Zhirkov, the senior teacher of the Chemical Department of the Institute of Natural Sciences.
Also a great interest of the visitors of the exhibition was caused by the project of using fibroblasts in the treatment of frostbite and burns - the cultivation of "artificial skin". The project is implemented jointly with NEFU scientists, specialists of the burn unit of the Republican Hospital No. 2 with the support of the Ministry of Health of Yakutia.
"The project team is big - a special interdepartmental creative team includes biotechnologists, clinical specialists and consultants. We cultivate the dermal equivalent from the patient's pieces of skin, then we cultivate these pieces in the laboratory. We take out fibroblasts from them, multiply them in special conditions in the incubator", said Ivan Troev, head of NEFU Laboratory of Cellular Technologies and Regenerative Medicine.
Now scientists are at the stage of development and research, have received permission from the Ethics Committee and the Ministry of Health of the RS (Y) and from January 2018 will begin transplantation on people – patients of burn unit of RB No. 2.
Researchers of the Technical Institute of NEFU branch in Neryungri presented a map of the seismotectonic of Eastern Siberia - the first illustrative example of new generation map development that includes elements of geological and geophysical parameters and seismicity that explain the features of modern geodynamics of the region.
According to Nikolay Grib, the head of NEFU Department of Mining, this map may and should be used in the executive authorities of some regions, emergency committees, to know about the possible negative effects of strong local earthquakes, and to determine the score of the seismic hazard of specific settlements.