Department of General, Analytical and Physical Chemistry

The Department of General, Analytical and Physical Chemistry

The Department of General, Analytical and Physical Chemistry was formed in 2009 fr om the two departments - the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry and the Department of Analytical and Physical Chemistry. The Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry was one of the oldest departments of the YSU which appeared as a chemical cabinet at the Yakut Pedagogical Institute in 1935. Thus, the Department of General, Analytical and Physical Chemistry has combined the material base and the creative potential of teachers of different chemical branches. At present there are 23.25 full-time teachers and 12 assistant staff. The total number of teaching hours of the department is about 23 thousand hours a year. It is one of the largest departments at the Institute of Natural Sciences.

The department staff teaches general and inorganic chemistry for most faculties and institutes of the NEFU. Besides it trains students majoring in “Chemistry”, “Fundamental and Applied Chemistry”, “Chemical Technology and Biotechnology”, “Chemical Technology”, “Biology” and “Pharmacy”. 

History of the Department 

The first teacher of chemistry for the students of the Yakut Pedagogical Institute was Alexey Dmitrievich Egorov, who graduated the East Siberian Pedagogical University and got the specialty “analytical chemist”. He was appointed a teacher of chemistry and head of the chemical cabinet. This date is actually the birthday of the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry. In 1938, after finishing the Moscow graduate school and defending a thesis, he was awarded the degree of candidate of chemical sciences and continued teaching chemistry at the newly opened natural department. 

In 1943 a chemical laboratory was transformed into the Department of Natural Sciences and Geography. In 1952 it was named the Department of Chemistry. The range of disciplines increasing, it was divided into a number of departments: the Department of Biological and Organic Chemistry (1957), which, in its turn, was split into  the Biochemistry Department and the Polymer and Organic Chemistry Department, the Department of Chemistry Teaching (1991) and the Department of Analytical and Physical Chemistry (1998). In 2009, due to the reorganization of the Faculty of Biology and Geography the Department of Analytical and Physical Chemistry and the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry were united. 

The department staff works with students of all the university structural divisions. It constantly improves teaching methods and forms, designs new lectures and laboratory classes and actively introduces computer-assisted teaching and testing programs. 

In different years the department was headed by such highly qualified teachers and scientists as A.E. Egorov , S.I. Gukhman, G.N. Pavlinova, A.V. Sergeev, I.M. Brukhanov, D.N. Osogostok, O.N. Mordosova, L.A. Ignatieva, S.I. Stepanova, V.V. Anshakova. Since 2009 the department has been headed by N.N. Petrova.

Demand for higher education in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is caused by major social and economic challenges facing the region. In the YASSR, the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, a growing need for teaching staff as well as the rapid development of geological, mining and other industries required new vocational training approaches, specialized teaching methods and courses in general chemistry for engineering students, medical students and others. In 1993 the Chemical Department was created at the Biology and Geography Faculty. It provides qualified chemical training for the needs of the economy. During this time chemistry classes (general, inorganic, analytical, physical and colloid) and special courses have been supplied with necessary laboratory equipment. Teaching and methodical complexes, tutorials and guidebooks for these disciplines have also been developed. The department has prepared 120 analytical chemists. Qualified analytical chemists work at such enterprises as “Sahamedprom”, “Vodokanal”, Rospotrebnadzor, Central geological and analytical laboratory, numerous factories for the production of bottled water and chemical laboratories. In 2011 at the department to provide support for research projects the Research Testing Laboratory (headed by N.E. Sheina) was organized. It deals with ecological and chemical studies of the environment. The laboratory has the necessary basic equipment for the analysis of natural objects (the atomic absorption spectrometer MGA – 915, the capillary electrophoresis system “Capel 104”, the liquid chromatograph “Lyumahrom” etc.).

Research fields

Under the guidance of their scientific supervisors students perform course and diploma works according to the following research fields of the department: analysis of the environmental objects ( O.N. Mordosova, S.I. Stepanova, N.I. Germogenova, E.I. Ivanova, N.P. Nogovitsyna, N.E. Sheina), high-efficient technologies for processing oil and gas (S.S. Zakharova, E.D. Vasilieva, N.N. Zarovnyaeva, N.P. Zhirkov), the development of new elastomeric materials (N.N. Petrova, N.V. Mikhailova), the development of biologically active additives from local raw materials and biotechnological research (A.S. Sharina, E.V. Karataeva, A.I. Fedorova, N.N. Petrova, S.F. Ivanova). 

Documents of title to intellectual property

1. V.V. Anshakova, E.V. Karataeva, A.S. Sharina, B.M. Kershengolts. RF patent № 2,464,997. A Method of  Producing Sorption Material from Lichen Thalli. 2011

2. V.V. Anshakova, E.V. Karataeva, B.M. Kershengolts. RF patent № 2,466,542 . A Method of Improving the Quality of Bakery Products and Preserving their Freshness with Solid -phase Food Additive “Yagel-T”, 2011

3. V.V. Anshakova, B.M. Kershengolts. Patent № 2467063. A Method of Producing a Highly Active Solid-phase Antibiotic Bioproduct YAGEL (reindeer moss) from Lichen Thalli. 05.05. 2011 

4. V.V. Anshakova. Certificate of state registration of the biologically active supplement “Yagel DETOX” № RU. from 27.09.2012 

5. V.V. Anshakova. Certificate of state registration of raw material for the biologically active supplement “powder ultrafine.Yagel” № RU. from 27.09.2012 

6. RF patent № 2493183 from 11.05.2012. N.N. Petrova, V.V. Portnyagina. Frost-proof Rubber from Propyleneoxide Rubber and Natural Bentonites.

7. RF patent № 2502759 from 11.05.2012. N.N. Petrova, V.V. Portnyagina. Wear-resistant Rubber from Propylene Oxide Rubber and Ultrafine Polytetrafluoriethylene.

To promote the research work in the field of chemical technology the research laboratory of chemistry and technology of hydrocarbon raw (headed by S.S. Zakharova) has been organized. Within the NEFU development program (project 2.4. “Vocational and Scientific Support for the Development of Chemical Technologies in Hydrocarbon and Biological Raw Processing”) the research project “Production of Low-temperature Lubricants from Yakut Oils” in cooperation with Korean scientists is being carried out. Students listen to the lectures of professor Jin Ho Cho, the university of Miondzhi (the Republic of Korea).

The Laboratory of Chemistry and Technology of Hydrocarbons Raw 

In 1996 at the Department of Analytical and Physical Chemistry associate professor S.S. Zaharova organized the teaching and research laboratory “Oil Chemistry”, wh ere the chemical composition of oils of Yakutia were being studied. At the laboratory chemistry students interested in the research of oils implemented the course and diploma works. Then in 2011 it was reorganized into the laboratory “Chemistry and Technology of Hydrocarbon Raw”.  

The main activities of the laboratory are:

• to provide training of chemical technologists, 240100.62 “Chemical Technology” (profile “Chemical technology of natural fuels and carbon materials”) with qualification - Bachelor of engineering and technology

• to develop educatonal programs and teaching complexes general subjects and special courses 

• to create necessary conditions for the learning process, to help students master the professional educational programs, to develop their independence, initiative and creativity, to ensure the unity of theoretical and practical preparation

 • to conduct research in the following areas: quality assessment of natural fuels (gas, condensate, oil, coal ) as primary hydrocarbon raw materials; study of the group and individual hydrocarbon composition of processed Yakut oils - various grades of gasoline, diesel fuels, the development of the technology of low-temperature lubricants on the base oils of Yakut oils

The laboratory cooperates with JSC “Sakhatransneftegaz”, JSC “YATEC”, the Institute of Oil and Gas Problems of SB RAS, the lubricants laboratory of the Institute “Buhmwoo” ( Seoul, South Korea), NEFU departments. The perspective research directions of the laboratory are organization of the certification of petroleum products, the development of new technological schemes for improving the quality of motor fuels and their resources, participation in the development of technologies for processing natural gas (producing “synthetic” oil, GTL- technologies).